NIH: Hazards of Chemicals Found in Commonly Abused Inhalants

meth-rehabHazards of Chemicals Found in Commonly Abused Inhalants

amyl nitrite, butyl nitrite
(“poppers,” “video head cleaner”)
sudden sniffing death syndrome, suppressed immunologic function, injury to red blood cells (interfering with oxygen supply to vital tissues)

(found in gasoline)
bone marrow injury, impaired immunologic function, increased risk of leukemia, reproductive system toxicity

butane, propane
(found in lighter fluid, hair and paint sprays)
sudden sniffing death syndrome via cardiac effects, serious burn injuries (because of flammability)

(used as a refrigerant and aerosol propellant)
sudden sniffing death syndrome, respiratory obstruction and death (from sudden cooling/cold injury to airways), liver damage

methylene chloride
(found in paint thinners and removers, degreasers)
reduction of oxygen-carrying capacity of blood, changes to the heart muscle and heartbeat

nitrous oxide (“laughing gas”), hexane
death from lack of oxygen to the brain, altered perception and motor coordination, loss of sensation, limb spasms, blackouts caused by blood pressure changes, depression of heart muscle functioning

(found in gasoline, paint thinners and removers, correction fluid)
brain damage (loss of brain tissue mass, impaired cognition, gait disturbance, loss of coordination, loss of equilibrium, limb spasms, hearing and vision loss), liver and kidney damage

(found in spot removers, degreasers)
sudden sniffing death syndrome, cirrhosis of the liver, reproductive complications, hearing and vision damage

Information above is courtesy of the National Institute on Drug Abuse


If the information you are looking for is not found here and you need immediate attention you may contact us at:

Center for Addiction Recovery – Addiction Treatment Center: 1-800-570-4562

Physical, Emotional and Spiritual Recovery



Who Is Allowed To Use Naloxone During An Overdose?

addiction-treatment-centerWho can give naloxone to someone who has overdosed?

The liquid for injection is commonly used by paramedics, emergency room doctors, and other specially trained first responders. To facilitate ease of use, NARCAN® Nasal Spray is now available, which allows for naloxone to be sprayed into the nose. While improvised atomizers have been used in the past to convert syringes for use as nasal spray, these may not deliver the appropriate dose. Depending on the state you live in, friends, family members, and others in the community may give the auto-injector and nasal spray formulation of naloxone to someone who has overdosed. Some states require a physician to prescribe naloxone; in other states, pharmacies may distribute naloxone in an outpatient setting without bringing in a prescription from a physician. To learn about the laws regarding naloxone in your state, see the Prescription Drug Abuse Policy System website.

What dose can be provided?

The dose varies depending on the formulation, and sometimes more than one dose is needed to help the person start breathing again. Anyone who may have to use naloxone should carefully read the package insert that comes with the product. You can find copies of the package insert for EVZIO® and NARCAN® Nasal Spray on the FDA website.

What precautions are needed when giving naloxone?

People who are given naloxone should be observed constantly until emergency care arrives and for at least 2 hours by medical personnel after the last dose of naloxone to make sure breathing does not slow or stop.

Information above is courtesy of the National Institute on Drug Abuse


Center for Addiction Recovery – Addiction Treatment Center: 1-800-570-4562

Physical, Emotional and Spiritual Recovery 

What is Experiential Avoidance and Its Relevance to Addiction?

drug_abuse_treatment (2)Experiential Avoidance (EA) is a behavioral reaction to an unpleasant or traumatizing event or situation, characterized by attempts at avoiding thoughts, feelings, memories, physical sensations and other internal experiences that remind the individual of that event or situation.

In the case of addiction, drugs are often used to get away from a number of things, such as stress, nervousness, psychological trauma, depression, and pain from health problems or injury. This form of experiential avoidance is a negative one, because the long term consequence is chemical dependency while the main underlying problem isn’t addressed.

As a result, it’s important to address the underlying psychological problems in order to fully understand the reason for abusing drugs. For example, college students often fall into alcoholism as a result of pressure from school, family, and maintaining an acceptable social life. As a result, some college students drink due to their inability to achieve those goals.

At Center for Addiction Recovery, we offer psychotherapy, Rapid Resolution Therapy, and Grief/Loss Therapy for clients struggling with deeply-rooted psychological problems that led to substance abuse.

We consider the case of each and every one of our clients to be absolutely unique, therefore each and every therapeutic treatment plan is individualized and designed based on the client’s specific needs that considers type, severity, length of addiction and existence of any co-occurring disorder such as depression and anxiety.


 If the information you are looking for is not found here and you need immediate attention you may contact us at:

Center for Addiction Recovery – Addiction Treatment Center: 1-800-570-4562

Physical, Emotional and Spiritual Recovery

Program and Specialties at Center For Addiction Recovery

recovery-facilitiesThe inpatient treatment programs we offer utilize a combination of medication assisted detoxification, cognitive behavioral and motivational enhancement therapies, 12 step facilitation therapy, and Rapid Resolution Therapy for trauma. Our multidisciplinary team of professionals understands that clients come to us with unique needs and at various levels of readiness. This understanding is the foundation for the high rate of recovery success that our clients experience from the individualized treatment they receive. Here are a few programs and specialties we offer at Center for Addiction Recovery:

Program and Specialties

Specialized Trauma Therapy  

Clients whose recovery are affected by psychological trauma are treated by Dr. Jon Connelly, the developer and founder of Rapid Resolution Therapy, one of the most effective trauma treatments available to date.

Specialized Pregnant Women Program

We take pride in having developed a program to help pregnant women experience a comfortable and successful detox. This medically supervised program provides supportive behavioral therapies which address the specific treatment goals of each pregnant women, along with coordinated OB/GYN care.

Family Recovery Program

We understand the vital importance of engaging not only the client in treatment, but their significant others too. Out clinical staff provides telephonic, or onsite therapy sessions to help repair these important relationships and to provide family members with a psychoeducational component.


Center for Addiction Recovery – Addiction Treatment Center: 1-800-570-4562

Physical, Emotional and Spiritual Recovery 

What Helps People Stay in Treatment? (NIH)

0detox-and-rehab-centerBecause successful outcomes often depend on a person’s staying in treatment long enough to reap its full benefits, strategies for keeping people in treatment are critical. Whether a patient stays in treatment depends on factors associated with both the individual and the program. Individual factors related to engagement and retention typically include motivation to change drug-using behavior; degree of support from family and friends; and, frequently, pressure from the criminal justice system, child protection services, employers, or family. Within a treatment program, successful clinicians can establish a positive, therapeutic relationship with their patients. The clinician should ensure that a treatment plan is developed cooperatively with the person seeking treatment, that the plan is followed, and that treatment expectations are clearly understood. Medical, psychiatric, and social services should also be available.


Because some problems (such as serious medical or mental illness or criminal involvement) increase the likelihood of patients dropping out of treatment, intensive interventions may be required to retain them. After a course of intensive treatment, the provider should ensure a transition to less intensive continuing care to support and monitor individuals in their ongoing recovery.

Information above is courtesy of the National Institute on Drug Abuse


Center for Addiction Recovery – Addiction Treatment Center: 1-800-570-4562

Physical, Emotional and Spiritual Recovery 

Pros and Cons of Naltrexone


Naltrexone is a medication approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat opioid use disorders and alcohol use disorders. It comes in a pill form or as an injectable.

If a person relapses and uses the problem drug, naltrexone prevents the feeling of getting high. People using naltrexone should not use any other opioids or illicit drugs; drink alcohol; or take sedatives, tranquilizers, or other drugs.

Patients on naltrexone may have reduced tolerance to opioids and may be unaware of their potential sensitivity to the same, or lower, doses of opioids that they used to take. If patients who are treated with naltrexone relapse after a period of abstinence, it is possible that the dosage of opioid that was previously used may have life-threatening consequences, including respiratory arrest and circulatory collapse.

When used as a treatment for alcohol dependency, naltrexone blocks the euphoric effects and feelings of intoxication. This allows people with alcohol addiction to reduce their drinking behaviors enough to remain motivated to stay in treatment and avoid relapses. Naltrexone is not addictive nor does it react adversely with alcohol.


People taking naltrexone may experience side effects, but they should not stop taking the medication. Instead, they should consult their health care provider or substance misuse treatment practitioner to adjust the dose or change the medication. Some side effects include:

  • Upset stomach or vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Headache
  • Nervousness
  • Sleep problems/tiredness
  • Joint or muscle pain

Seek a health care provider right away for:

  • Liver injury: Naltrexone may cause liver injury. Seek evaluation if have symptoms and or signs of liver disease.
  • Injection site reactions: This may occur from the injectable naltrexone. Seek evaluation for worsening skin reactions.
  • Allergic pneumonia: It may cause an allergic pneumonia. Seek evaluation for signs and symptoms of pneumonia.

Information above is courtesy of Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration –


Call today and speak with one of our licensed counselors to receive information on how you can find the most suitable program for you or your loved one.

Center for Addiction Recovery – Addiction Treatment Center: 1-800-570-4562

Physical, Emotional and Spiritual Recovery 

NIH: Intentional vs. Unintentional Overdose Deaths

NIH: Intentional vs. Unintentional Overdose Deaths (Revised February 2017) 

drug-detox-facilityWhen a person dies because of a drug overdose, the medical examiner or coroner records on the death certificate whether the overdose was intentional (purposely self-inflicted, as in cases of suicide) or unintentional (accidental). Unintentional drug poisoning deaths include cases where:

  • a drug was taken accidentally
  • too much of a drug was taken accidentally
  • the wrong drug was given or taken in error
  • an accident occurred in the use of a drug(s) in medical and surgical procedures

When overall drug overdoses are reported, intentional and unintentional overdoses are counted, along with drug poisonings inflicted by another person with intent to injure or kill, and overdoses in which the intent to harm cannot be determined.

The World Health Organization defines the codes for these categories as “the disease or injury which initiated the train of events leading directly to death, or the circumstances of the accident or violence which produced the fatal injury.” For drug overdose, the international classification of diseases (ICD-10) codes for these categories are:

X40-X44: accidental poisoning by and exposure to drug
X60-X64: intentional self-harm
X85: assault
Y11-Y14: event of undetermined intent

Information above is courtesy of the NIH


For additional information on drug abuse and addiction treatment services, you may reach us at:

A Center for Addiction Recovery – Addiction Treatment Center: 1-800-570-4562

Physical, Emotional and Spiritual Recovery 

The Distinction between Biofeedback Therapy and Neurofeedback Therapy

alcohol-detoxWhen it comes to making the distinction between these two therapies, Biofeedback Therapy and Neurofeedback Therapy, a good  rule of thumb is that Biofeedback involves the body (bio), and the latter involves the brain (neuro).

Biofeeback therapy is designed to monitor and improve the body’s involuntary physiological response to stress. Neurofeedback however, also called EEG biofeedback deals specifically with the brain to “optimize brainwave activity.”

With Biofeedback, breathing levels are monitored and analyzed when stress arises, which is commonly when patients begin to sweat, shake, feel sick and anxious. After monitoring the patient’s response to a stimuli (stress), biofeedback helps to gain control and treat symptoms using electrodes attached to the skin, as well as finger sensors. These electrodes then send signals to a monitor, which then displays images that represent heart and breathing rate, skin temperature and muscle activity.

With neurofeedback, which is based on electrical brain activity, helps the brain learn to function more effectively – which is also known as self-regulation training, allowing the central nervous system to function at max capacity. Health issues treated include anxiety-depression, behavioral disorders, sleep disorders, headaches and emotional disturbance.


Please call today to save a life from the vicious cycle of drug/alcohol addiction, as well as behavioral addictions such as gambling or sex addiction.

Center for Addiction Recovery – Addiction Treatment Center: 1-800-570-4562

Physical, Emotional and Spiritual Recovery