Klonopin Drug Facts | A Center for Addiction Recovery

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Information provided below is courtesy of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

Klonopin Overview

Klonopin Addiction TreatmentKlonopin is a brand name medication of Clonazepam. It is mainly used to treat seizures and panic attacks by lowering abnormal electrical activity in the brain. Strictly a prescription medication, Klonopin comes in the form of a swallowed tablet or an orally disintegrating wafer. Both forms of the medication have the possibility for abuse and the development of addiction and dependency. It is advised to be taken strictly by doctor instruction; however, the medication is often abused due to its euphoric and calming effects.

Addictive Qualities

Klonopin generally produces mild sedation, weakness, and euphoria in users who correctly consume the medication. These feelings are a by-product of the reduction of the abnormal electrical activity in the brain, which in turn greatly manages seizure disorders and panic attack disorders.

Dependence and Tolerance

Klonopin does have an addictive potential, which is the most common long-term side effect that can happen even if the medication is taken under doctor instruction. Dependence of Klonopin can begin as early as just a couple of weeks after beginning the medication. As the medication is taken regularly, the human body naturally builds a tolerance, which steadily requires higher doses of the drug, and at higher frequencies. Doctors may up the doses for individuals who highly benefit from the medication.

Effects of Klonopin Abuse

Short-Term Effects

Klonopin can have certain other adverse short-term side effects such as allergic reaction. Characterized by skin rashes, swelling of the face, lips, eyes or tongue, Klonopin should be discontinued at the first sign of allergic reaction to the medication. There are other short-term side effects which should be closely monitored, but are considered less serious, such as:

  • Drowsiness
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle weakness
  • Slurred speech
  • Drooling or dry mouth
  • Sore gums
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Blurred vision
  • Headache
  • Sleeping irregularities

There are also several more serious side-effects that are experienced less commonly in users of Klonopin. However, if experienced, the medication should promptly be stopped and a doctor should be notified of the adverse effects. The following are more serious side effects:

  • Confusion
  • Hallucination
  • Unusual thoughts or behavior
  • Unusual risk taking behavior, i.e. lack of fear, recklessness
  • Involuntary eye movements
  • Pounding heartbeats
  • Painful or difficult urination
  • Pale skin, easy bruising or bleeding
  • New or worsened seizures
Long-Term Effects

Long-term side effects are typically defined as side effects occurring with prolonged use of medication of more than 9 weeks. Long-term side effects of prolonged Klonopin use include:

  • Slow reflexes and reaction time
  • Confusion
  • Extreme drowsiness
  • Coma

Withdrawal and Detoxification

Should an individual become dependent or addicted to Klonopin, it is highly advised to seek medical help in detoxing from the medication. Whether or not the addiction has risen from doctor prescription, or unadvised usage, detoxification should be carried out in a medical environment. It is strongly suggested that detox from Klonopin should not be carried out at home. This is due to the fact that if the medication is slowly decreased withdrawal symptoms can be experienced very mildly, and to a minimal degree. Suddenly stopping use of Klonopin will result in intense and extreme withdrawal symptoms which is why home detoxification is not recommended. Withdrawal symptoms of Klonopin include:

  • Unusual changes in behavior
  • Hallucinations
  • Stomach or muscle cramps
  • Severe anxiety
  • Difficulty sleeping

In a medically managed detox facility, the withdrawal symptoms listed above can be closely observed and controlled by medical personnel. This ensures the safety of the individual and those around them, as erratic behavior is common to those experiencing hallucination or behavioral changes due to drug withdrawal. Detoxification can last from 3 to 7 days and should always be followed up by a drug rehabilitation program to ensure that an individual will be able to cope with cravings and associated problems that may arise after detoxification.

At A Center for Addiction Recovery we help clients with a Klonopin addiction to discover or rediscover the original problem or problems. Next we teach them how to overcome their problems with real-life solutions by equipping them with tools and life skills to confront and handle common obstacles encountered in life. Only when both the underlying reasons for the Klonopin addiction and the Klonopin addiction problem are resolved can a person become a healthy and happy member of society.

For information about prescription drug rehab, please contact us at 1 (800) 570-4562