About Psychedelic Mushrooms And Psilocybin Drug Facts

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Information provided below is courtesy of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

Psilocybin/Psychedelic Mushrooms Overview

Mushroom Addiction Treatment Psilocybin is a chemical obtained from certain types of fresh or dried mushrooms. Psilocybin mushrooms are found in Mexico, Central America, and the United States. Mushrooms containing psilocybin are available fresh or dried and have long, slender stems topped by caps with dark gills on the underside. Fresh mushrooms have white or whitish-gray stems; the caps are dark brown around the edges and light brown or white in the center. Dried mushrooms are usually rusty brown with isolated areas of off-white.Psilocybin mushrooms are ingested orally. They may also be brewed as a tea or added to other foods to mask their bitter flavor. Abuse of psilocybin mushrooms could lead to poisoning if one of the many varieties of poisonous mushrooms is incorrectly identified as a psilocybin mushroom. 

Common street names include: Magic Mushrooms, Mushrooms, and Shrooms.

Psilocybin/Psychedelic Mushrooms Signs of Abuse

The user can exhibit one or several of the following characteristics:

  • Dilated pupils
  • Increase or loss of appetite
  • Changes in personality
  • Euphoria
  • Increased heart rate
  • Distorted perceptions

Effects of Psilocybin/Psychedelic Mushrooms Abuse

The active compounds in psilocybin-containing “magic” mushrooms have LSD-like properties and produce alterations of autonomic function, motor reflexes, behavior, and perception. The psychological effects of psilocybin use include hallucinations, an altered perception of time, and an inability to discern fantasy from reality. Panic reactions and psychosis also may occur, particularly if a user ingests a large dose. Long-term effects such as flashbacks, risk of psychiatric illness, impaired memory, and tolerance have been described in case reports.

Psilocybin/Psychedelic Mushrooms Withdrawal Symptoms

There is little evidence of physiological withdrawal symptoms from psilocybin abuse, but there is still possibility of users experiencing some anxiety, depression, insomnia or cravings. Sometimes, flashbacks may occur.

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