Valium Drug Facts | A Center for Addiction Recovery

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Information provided below is courtesy of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

Valium (Diazepam) Overview

Valium Addiction TreatmentValium (diazepam) is a benzodiazepine (ben-zoe-dye-AZE-eh-peens). Diazepam affects chemicals in the brain that may become unbalanced and cause anxiety. Valium is used to treat anxiety disorders, alcohol withdrawal symptoms, or muscle spasms. Valium is sometimes used with other medications to treat seizures. This medication may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be alert. Do not drink alcohol while taking Valium. This medication can increase the effects of alcohol, and may lead to overdose or life-threatening hospitalizations.

Valium Signs of Abuse

Valium may be abused if the user takes more than prescribed or takes higher dosages, or if the user does not follow doctor’s instructions. However, it is not easy to know if someone is abusing a drug because the onset of addiction often goes unnoticed. In addition, friends and family may not even suspect their loved one to be abusing Valium. For these reasons, if you or someone you know is using Valium, take note of some of the signs of abuse that the user may display. Stopping the addiction as early as possible can save lives, and prevent a crisis situation from an accidental overdose. Here are some of the signs and symptoms of Valium abuse:

  • Personality changes
  • Fever
  • Sensitivity to sound or light
  • Numbness or tingling
  • Panic attacks
  • Nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea
  • A rapid heartbeat (tachycardia)
  • Heart palpitations
  • Hallucinations
  • Memory loss
  • Seizures

Effects of Valium Abuse

Some side effects with Valium, while occurring infrequently, are potentially serious and should be reported immediately to your healthcare provider. These include but are not limited to:

  • Depression (or worsening of existing depression)
  • Low blood pressure (hypotension)
  • Yellow eyes or skin (jaundice)
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Anxiety, excitation, or agitation
  • Hostility, aggression, or rage
  • Insomnia (see Valium and Insomnia)
  • Hallucinations

Valium Withdrawal Symptoms

When a person is addicted to a medicine, the body is not able to function properly if the medicine is stopped. Withdrawal symptoms can also occur. This means that the user is faced with a difficult challenge, especially if they are withdrawing without the help of professionals or a licensed rehab center. It is recommended to seek professional help and rehab if an individual attempts to quit using Valium, rather than doing it alone and going cold turkey. Valium withdrawal symptoms can include:

  • Personality changes
  • Fever
  • Sensitivity to sound or light
  • Numbness or tingling
  • Panic attacks
  • Nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea
  • A rapid heartbeat (tachycardia)
  • Heart palpitations
  • Hallucinations
  • Memory loss
  • Seizures
  • Anxiety
  • Tension
  • Depression
  • Insomnia
  • Restlessness or irritability
  • Confusion

For information about prescription drug rehab, please contact us at 1 (800) 570-4562